Android I the first instance was developed by Android Inc. which Google bought in 2005, then it was divulge in 2007 for mobile phone as Android operating system developed by Google which is based on Linux kernel and intended for Touch screen devices such as smartphones and tablets.
It is an open source operating system which lets you develop application upgrade path of OS its leads to code better and freely, by using touch gesture that gives us freedom for real world action on device such as swiping, tapping and pinching to orient on screen object. Coming along with the virtual keyboard for text addition
Android application which helps the device to get handy and more functional.
The application of android are developed in ANDROID software development kit (SDK)
Based on java programming language which can also be combined with C/C++ together.
GO programming language can also be supported with a limitation regarding application programming interfaces (API). Recently google has also announced in May 2017 support of Kotlin Programming Language
Coming Back to SDK it gives a set of development tools such as debugger, software libraries, handset emulator based on QEMU, QEMU is an unbranded and open source machine emulator and virtualizer. At first google use to support integrated development tool which was Eclipse with a plugin for android development tool later in December 2014 they introduced Android Studio which is based on Intellij IDEA.
Android also supports third party application as said above it an open source OS which can be installed easily through downloading the application APK (Android package kit)
Or you can download application trough Google Play store as of July 2013 there are more than one million application in the store
Android is developing they launch new update over a time span here is the list of Android upgrades.
1. 2.3 | Gingerbread - February 2011
2. 4.0 | Ice crème Sandwich - October 2011
3. 4.1 | Jelly bean -July 2009
4. 4.4 | KitKat – October 2013
5. 5.0 | Lollipop – November 2014
6. 6.0 | Marshmallow – October 2015
7. 7.0 | Nougat – August 2016
8. 8.0 | Oreo – August 2017Google has also announced in May 2016 Daydream, which is a virtual reality platform that depends upon smartphone and provide VR capability through handset this concept is started from Android Nougat.